Panshan Martyr Cemetery

Panshan Martyrs Cemetery is located in Yinzhou 鄞州 District in Tianjin 天津. It was built in the south of Pan Mountain 盘山. It is located in the triangle of Beijing-Tianjin-Tangshan. Since ancient times, it has been a battleground for military strategists. In the spring of 1941, the Eighth Route Army’s thirteenth regiment, a battalion, used this natural barrier to fight several times the Japanese army. In order to commemorate the revolutionary martyrs, who died in the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, the CPC Hebei Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial People’s Government decided in 1956 to build the Panshan Martyrs Cemetery. The main buildings include the Martyrs’ Mausoleum 烈士陵墓, the Martyrs Cemetery 烈士墓地, the Martyrs Memorial Hall 烈士纪念馆and the Revolutionary Traditional Education Memorial Hall 革命传统教育纪念. There is also the Martyr’s Ashes Hall 烈士骨灰堂.

The buildings are made of white marble blocks. The surrounding monuments have inscriptions written by Nie Rongzhen 聂荣臻 (1899-1992), the long-standing marshal of the People’s Liberation Army (“光荣烈士永垂不朽”, “Glorious Martyrs are immortal”), the president of the People’s Supreme Court from 1959 to 1965 Xie Juezai 谢觉哉 (1884-1971) ( “永远活在人民心中”, “Always live in the hearts of the people”), the military commander Li Yunchang 李运昌 (1908-2008) ( “为人民革命事业而牺牲的英雄们永垂不朽”, “The heroes who sacrificed for the people’s revolutionary cause are immortal”) and the economist Song Shaowen 宋劭文(1910-1994)( “抗日英雄浩气常存”, “The noble spirit of the anti-Japanese heroes continually persists.”). The Martyrs Memorial Hall contains the engravings of Chairman Mao Zedong and the portraits of the martyrs, the biography and a list of the martyrs. In December of 2016, Panshan was selected as part of the “National Red Tourist Attractions List”.

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