Lu Xun Museum and the New Culture Movement Memorial of Beijing
The Museum is a combination of the former Beijing Lu Xun Museum 北京鲁迅博物馆and the Beijing New Culture Movement Memorial Hall 北京新文化运动纪念馆. It includes the Beijing Lu Xun Museum area 鲁迅博物馆馆区, the former residence of Lu Xun (1881-1936) and the memorial hall with an exhibition of Lu Xun’s life, as well as the New Culture Movement Memorial Area 新文化运动纪念馆馆区, the birthplace of the May 4th Movement.
Lu Xun was a Chinese poet, writer and literary critic. In the 1930s, he became the titular head of the League of Left-Wing Writers 中国左翼作家联盟 in Shanghai. After buying the small house in 1923, Lu Xun designed and rebuilt this it in 1924. After his death it was donated to Zhou Haiying 周海婴 (1929-2011), the son of Lu Xun. In September 1949, the government restored the furnishings of the former residence. On 19th October 1949, the 13th anniversary of Lu Xun’s death, it was officially opened to the public. On the 20th anniversary of his death in 1956 the Beijing Lu Xun Museum was officially opened. The exhibitions of the museum were often remodeled to fit the narrative of the time. Whereas just before Mao’s death Lu Xun was shown in a close relationship to Mao, the exhibition delinked him from Mao during the post-Mao period (Denton 2014: 184).
Contemporary Red Tourism guide books often emphasize the significance of Lu Xun’s famous essay “A madman’s Diary 狂人日记” for being a mixture of Chinese and foreign ideas. Lu Xun is identified as one of the leading writers of the New Culture Movement in the adjacent New Culture Movement Memorial Hall (Li 2012: 32).
The New Culture Movement Memorial Hall is built on the former red building of Peking University. Build in 1918, this building is the first of the many of the Peking University. In it, the literati and intellectual Cai Yuanpei 蔡元培 (1868-1940) established the most important journal for the New Culture Movement and the May Fourth Movement, “La Jeunesse 新青年” (Li 2012: 25f.). This museum is the only comprehensive museum in the country to fully display the history of the May 4th New Culture Movement 五四新文化运动. It was opened to the public on April 28, 2002.
Denton, Kirk A. (2014): Exhibiting the Past: Historical Memory and the Politics of Museum in Postsocialist China. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.
Li Nan 李楠 (2012): Hongse Lüyou – Jing, Jin, Hu lüxing shengdi daohang 红色旅游 – 京，津，红色旅行圣地导航. Changchun: Jilin Sheying chubanshe. Dianliang xinghuo hongse lüyou xilie congshu.
List of Pictures
Picture 1: Lu Xun Museum (source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%E9%B2%81%E8%BF%85%E5%8D%9A%E7%89%A9%E9%A6%86_-_2162549628.jpg, author: shizhao [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)]).
Picture 2: The Red Building of Peking University (source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Red_building_of_Peking_University.JPG, author Dirrival [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)]).